2014年01月16日

2014年記念年作曲家

The Classical Music Navigatorで調べました
http://people.wku.edu/charles.smith/music/

生誕
100 Fine, Irving
150 Gretchaninov, Alexander Tikhonovich
150 Strauss, Richard
300 Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
300 Gluck, Christoph W.R. von
300 Jommelli, Nicolo
450 Hassler, Hans Leo

没後
50 Blitzstein, Marc
50 Toch, Ernst
100 Lyadov [Liadov], Anatoly [Anatol]
150 Meyerbeer, Giacomo
250 Leclair, Jean-Marie
250 Locatelli, Pietro Antonio
250 Rameau, Jean-Philippe


各作曲家について

Fine, Irving (1914-62) American; Boston area-based
Style/Period: French Neoclassical
Best Known For: chamber music---choral music---orchestral pcs
Musical Influences: Copland; Hindemith; Stravinsky

Gretchaninov, Alexander Tikhonovich (1864-1956) Russian-French-American; mainly Moscow- & St. Petersburg-based to 1925, thereafter France-based to 1939 & U.S.-based from then on
Style/Period: Russian Nationalist (Late Romantic)
Best Known For: liturgical music---music for children---orchestral pcs---stage works
Musical Influences: Borodin; Dvorak?; Rimsky-Korsakov; +Scriabin?; R Strauss?; Tchaikovsky

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949) German
Style/Period: Late (post-Wagnerian) German Romantic (Neoclassical after 1910)
Genre Profile: 223---2232---0212---111---23---13x
Quantity of Work Produced: extensive
Best Known For: symphonic poems---operas---lieder---wind concs.---orchestration
Notable Works: . . . songs [solo v & pf] (1870-1942) . . . Sonata for Cello & Piano in F Op.6 (1880-3) . . . Horn Conc. #1 in E flat Op.11 (1882-3) . . . Sonata for Violin & Piano in E flat Op.18 (1887) . . . Don Juan [sym. poem] Op.20 (1888-9) . . . Death & Transfiguration [sym. poem] Op.24 (1888-9) . . . Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks [sym. poem] Op.28 (1894-5) . . . Thus Spake Zarathustra [sym. poem] Op.30 (1895-6) . . . Don Quixote [sym. poem in the form of variations for vc & orch.] Op.35 (1896-7) . . . A Hero's Life [sym. poem] Op.40 (1897-8) . . . Salome [opera] Op.54 (1903-5), incl. 'Dance of the Seven Veils' [orch.] . . . Elektra [opera] Op.58 (1906-8) . . . Der Rosenkavalier [opera] Op.59 (1909-10) . . . Ariadne auf Naxos [opera] Op.60 (1911-2, r1916) . . . Ein Alpensinfonie Op.64 (1911-5) . . . Die Frau ohne Schatten [opera] Op.65 (1914-8) . . . Horn Conc. #2 in E flat (1942) . . . Metamorphosen [string orch.] (1945) . . . Oboe Conc. in D (1945, r1948) . . . Four Last Songs [solo v & orch.] (1948)
Musical Influences: Berlioz; Brahms; Bruckner; ---F Couperin; +Dukas?; Liszt; Mahler; Massenet?; -Mendelssohn; --Mozart; Raff; -R Schumann; J Strauss Jr.; Wagner; +Wolf-Ferrari
Has Influenced: Alfven; Bartok; Bax; Beach; Berg?; Bloch; Casella; -Chadwick; -Delius; Dohnanyi; Dukas?; -Elgar; Gretchaninov?; Griffes; -Herbert; Hindemith; Holst; Honegger; -Humperdinck; KORNGOLD; Lehar; Luening?; Miaskovsky?; Moore?; Novak; Orff; Pfitzner?; Prokofiev; -Puccini; Ravel; Reger; RESPIGHI; Schmitt; Schoenberg; Schreker; Schulhoff; Scriabin?; -Sinding; Suk; Szymanowski; Varese; Villa-Lobos; Webern; [E Wellesz]; Wolf-Ferrari; Zemlinsky

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714-88) German; Berlin-based 1738-68; Hamburg-based thereafter
Style/Period: Pre-Classical
Genre Profile: 200---3222---1222---232---00---220
Quantity of Work Produced: immense
Best Known For: solo keyboard---syms.---concs.---sonatas & trio sonatas---sacred vocal & choral music---flute (solo, chamber combs., concs.)
Notable Works: . . . sonatas (6) [fl & continuo] W125-7,129,130,134 (1735-40) . . . 6 Sonatas 'Wurttemberg' [keyb] W49 (1744) . . . Sonata for Flute Solo in A minor W132 (1747) . . . Conc. for Cello & Strings in A W172 (1753?) . . . Conc. for Flute & Strings in G W169 (1755?) . . . 6 Sonatas & Prelude [org] W70 (1755 & 1758) . . . Conc. for Oboe & Strings in E flat W165 (1765?) . . . Orchestral Sym. #3 in C from W182, '6 Hamburg Symphonies' (1773)
Musical Influences: JS BACH; Hasse; Telemann; Vivaldi
Has Influenced: JC BACH; Beethoven; [G Benda]; +Chopin?; Clementi; Dussek; J HAYDN; Hummel; +Mendelssohn; Mozart; Weber?

Gluck, Christoph W.R. von (1714-87) German; mainly Vienna-based from 1748
Style/Period: Pre-Classical
Genre Profile: 000---0000---0100---000---23---110
Quantity of Work Produced: extensive
Best Known For: operas & opera overs.
Notable Works: . . . Orfeo ed Euridice [opera] (1762), incl. 'Dance of the Blessed Spirits' [fl & orch.] . . . Alceste [opera] (1767) . . . Iphigenie en Aulide [opera] (1774) . . . Over. to (the opera) Iphigenie en Aulide [orch.] (1774) . . . Iphigenie en Tauride [opera] (1779)
Musical Influences: +JC Bach?; Caldara?; Fux; Handel; Hasse; Jommelli; --Lully; Pergolesi; Rameau; SAMMARTINI; French & Italian opera
Has Influenced: JC Bach; Beethoven; +Berlioz; Boccherini; CHERUBINI; Dittersdorf; +Glinka; ++Gounod; Gretry; J Haydn; Mayr; MEHUL; +Meyerbeer; Mozart; [JG Naumann]; Piccinni; Reicha; [A Sacchini]; ++Saint-Saens?; SALIERI; +Schubert; SPONTINI; ++Wagner; Weber

Jommelli, Nicolo (1714-74) Italian; associated with Naples, Rome, Vienna & Stuttgart
Style/Period: Pre-Classical
Best Known For: operas---sacred vocal music
Musical Influences: +Dittersdorf?; Hasse; Martini; Pergolesi; Rameau; A Scarlatti; Mannheim school
Has Influenced: Cherubini; Dittersdorf; Gluck; J Stamitz; Mannheim school

Hassler, Hans Leo (1564-1612) German; successively based in Nuremberg, Venice, Augsburg, Nuremberg, Ulm & Dresden
Style/Period: Late German Renaissance
Best Known For: sacred & secular vocal music (masses, madrigals, etc.)---solo organ
Musical Influences: A GABRIELI; G Gabrieli; Lasso; Marenzio; Palestrina
Has Influenced: Praetorius?

Blitzstein, Marc (1905-64) American
Style/Period: American Vernacularist
Best Known For: dramatic works (for stage, film & radio) featuring political satire & social criticism
Notable Work: . . . The Cradle Will Rock ["play in music"] (1936-7)
Musical Influences: Eisler; Schoenberg; Stravinsky; WEILL; jazz; popular song
Has Influenced: Bernstein

Toch, Ernst (1887-1964) Austrian-American; U.S.-based from 1935
Style/Period: at first Late German Romantic, then mainly German Neoclassical/Expressionist
Best Known For: syms.---chamber music---film scores
Musical Influences: Brahms; Busoni?; Debussy?; Mahler?; --Mozart; Stravinsky; jazz
Has Influenced: [M Powell]

Lyadov [Liadov], Anatoly [Anatol] (1855-1914) Russian; mainly St. Petersburg-based
Style/Period: Russian Nationalist (Romantic)
Best Known For: orchestral pcs---solo piano
Notable Works: . . . Baba-Yaga [orch.] Op.56 (1891?-1904) . . . A Musical Snuffbox [pf] Op.32 (p1893) . . . The Enchanted Lake [orch.] Op.62 (1909)
Musical Influences: -Chopin; Mussorgsky; Rimsky-Korsakov; R Schumann; Wagner; folk music
Has Influenced: Miaskovsky?

Meyerbeer, Giacomo (1791-1864) German-French
Style/Period: Early French Romantic (bel canto) w/eclectic French, German & Italian elements
Genre Profile: 121---1001---1000---110---03---220
Quantity of Work Produced: considerable
Best Known For: operas, espec. French 'grand opera'
Notable Works: . . . Robert le Diable [opera] (1831) . . . Les Huguenots [opera] (1836) . . . Le Prophete [opera] (1849) . . . L'Africaine [opera] (1865)
Musical Influences: Auber; +Bellini?; Clementi?; -Gluck; -Mozart; Reicha?; +ROSSINI; Spontini; [G Vogler]; Weber
Has Influenced: Bellini; Berlioz?; Bizet; Boito; Chopin?; Cui; Dargomizhsky; Donizetti; Delibes; Elgar?; Flotow; Gounod; Halevy; Leoncavallo; Liszt; Massenet; Mercadante; Mussorgsky; Ponchielli; Puccini; Rubinstein; Tchaikovsky; Thomas; Verdi; WAGNER

Leclair, Jean-Marie (1697-1764) French; mainly Paris-based from 1723
Style/Period: Late French Baroque (w/eclectic French & Italian elements)
Best Known For: violin (chamber combs., w/orch.)
Notable Works: . . . 4 sets of sonatas for violin (or flute) & continuo Opp. 1/2/5/9 (p c1723-43)
Musical Influences: CORELLI; F Couperin; Geminiani?; Handel?; Locatelli; -Lully; Rameau; Tartini?; Vivaldi
Has Influenced: French school of violin playing

Locatelli, Pietro Antonio (1695-1764) Italian; Amsterdam-based from 1729
Style/Period: Late Italian Baroque
Best Known For: violin (chamber combs.)---concs. & concerti grossi
Musical Influences: Corelli; Vivaldi
Has Influenced: +[R Kreutzer]; Leclair; +Paganini

Rameau, Jean-Philippe (1683-1764) French; Paris-based from c1722
Style/Period: Late French Baroque
Genre Profile: 020---0000---0020---030---33---220
Quantity of Work Produced: considerable
Best Known For: operas---ballets---solo harpsichord---chamber music---sacred motets
Notable Works: . . . Pieces de Clavecins (3 books) [hpschd] (p1706-31), incl. no.20, 'Tambourin' . . . Hippolyte et Aricie [opera tragedie] (1733, r1742) . . . Castor et Pollux [opera tragedie] (1737) . . . Dardanus [opera tragedie] (1739, r1744) . . . 5 Pieces de Clavecin en Concert [hpschd, vln (or fl) & viol (or vln)] (1741) . . . Pygmalion [ballet] (1748)
Musical Influences: LULLY; Vivaldi; Italian opera; French chamber music
Has Influenced: Boismortier; ++Chausson; ++Debussy; +++Dukas; Gluck; Handel?; ++Indy; Jommelli; Leclair; +++Messiaen; +++Roussel; Tartini
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